Understanding Verbal and Non-Verbal Reasoning in GRE Exam

Verbal Reasoning test aims at determining the verbal reasoning, or logical reasoning, abilities of a candidate for admission to higher academic courses such as MBA, MS, and even PhD programs. Verbal reasoning is an examination of verbal and non-verbal content that the candidate analyzes verbally, integrates thoughts, and integrates them with their knowledge and skills, through a number of techniques. The candidate must be able to understand the meaning of the material and explain it in simple and understandable words.

In a way, verbal reasoning has become a common tool for all educational levels for all kinds of subjects including history, math, English, physics and biology among many others. Verbal reasoning can be categorized into two categories namely inductive reasoning and deductive reasoning. Verbal reasoning has been used by people of all ages including infants and children, as a method to communicate in simple, clear and concise manner.

To do well in a verbal reasoning exam, one should have good verbal reasoning skills, ability to comprehend ideas and learn new things quickly, and be able to use the knowledge in practical situations. Verbal reasoning can also be further subdivided into the following sub-categories:

Inductive reasoning: Verbal reasoning is basically about finding out facts through reasoning about the past, present and future. The candidate must first find out the main information of a particular subject, then come up with a conclusion based on the information, and finally justify his/her conclusions. It is similar to scientific reasoning and often involves inductive methods of proof. A typical inductive reasoning question may ask students whether they can determine whether or not water freezes at zero degrees, or whether a particular chemical compound has the property of being an acid, etc.

Deduction: This is also known as induction with deduction. In this method of reasoning, the student comes up with a conclusion after studying the information he/she has and then uses other resources such as examples and testimonials to support his/her conclusions. The key difference between inductive and deduction reasoning is that it does not require a whole lot of information for the conclusion to be reached and does not require any proof.

Non-Verbal reasoning: This is more of a process of synthesis. It includes reasoning with the help of both verbal and non-verbal means such as analogy, case studies and the use of a visual aid such as diagrams and graphs. to come up with a conclusion.

Verbal and non-verbal reasoning is actually not the only ways to do your GRE examination. They are two of the main ways to do your GRE examination and they are not the only two types of reasoning.

Verbal Reasoning is just one part of the GRE exam, while Critical Reasoning is the main part of the test and consists of four sections. The sections include Verbal Reasoning, Inductive Reasoning, Deduction and Non-Verbal Reasoning.

As mentioned before, Verbal Reasoning is the basic form of reasoning; however, it should not be confused with inductive reasoning. Verbal reasoning is basically about finding out facts and supporting your conclusions through verbal means. Verbal reasoning is used to find out the main information of a given subject, make a conclusion based on the main information and then support it with other information, and then explain why you came to your conclusion.

Inductive reasoning is about using other sources of information to support your conclusion. It is mostly used in the Inductive Reasoning section in the GRE test, where students are required to prove how a certain argument has been arrived at through an inductive process.

Non-Verbal Reasoning is used when the student comes up with a conclusion from his/her study and then uses a non-verbal means to support their conclusion. Students have a limited amount of time to come up with a conclusion, and this is where case studies are used to reinforce the conclusion with additional information to make the student think of something new.